DORI standard helps improve surveillance system design

Chertsey, Surrey (UK)

Uri Guterman, Head of Product & Marketing for Hanwha Techwin Europe

Uri Guterman, Head of Product & Marketing for Hanwha Techwin Europe, suggests that the DORI standard is the best starting point when designing a video surveillance system and that in using this recognised international standard, specified cameras are able to cost-effectively meet an end-user’s expectations.

Some manufacturers such as Hanwha Techwin, have developed proprietary compression technologies which, when working in conjunction with H.265 compression, are able to reduce bandwidth and storage demands by up to 80%. It is, however, still wise for system designers to question if it is really necessary to specify the highest resolution camera available, bearing in mind the higher initial capital cost, as well as ongoing network and storage requirements, even if they are reduced by complementary compression technology.

DORI helps to specify an ideal camera

The design of a system must obviously reflect the finding of the risk assessment and take into account an end-user client’s operational requirements. They may, for example, need to capture high quality, evidence grade images which will identify an individual or just wish to be able to verify an intruder alarm event.

Whilst many system integrators will be familiar with DORI, installers who are relatively new to the world of video surveillance, may perhaps not know that the IEC EN62676-4 international standard provides time saving guidance as to which cameras should be specified.

For those who are not familiar with the standard, Guterman has summarised the standard with a jargon busting overview of what the DORI acronym stands for.

Detection: The quality of images captured by a camera allows a user to determine whether a person or vehicle is present.

Observation: The captured images are able to provide characteristic details of an individual, such as their clothing.

Recognition: The clarity of the images enables operators to see with a high level of certainty that an object or incident is the same as the one that an operator has seen before, e.g. it is a person, vehicle or a fire.

Identification: The resolution and quality of the images enable an individual to be identified beyond reasonable doubt.

The ability of a camera to achieve these DORI defined objectives will depend on a number of factors such as the resolution, lighting and the amount of movement within the scene.

In terms of ‘Observation’, Guterman says that it is worth noting that sequential low resolution images can provide as much detail (albeit of a different nature) for the human brain to process, than high resolution still images, i.e. the movement of a vehicle is very different to that of someone walking.

However, the maximum distance that there can be between a camera and an object in order to meet one of the above requirements will vary depending on the lighting conditions, the compression format, camera locations and other factors.

The sensitivity of the camera sensors used by different camera manufacturers will also vary and in this respect Hanwha Techwin’s online Toolbox Plus enables system integrators to compare the specifications of its Wisenet cameras side-by-side and then compile a list of the products required for a specific project. There is also the added benefit of being able to generate a report on the estimated bandwidth and storage requirements for the project.

Could save money on hardware

"It seems almost too simple", says Uri Guterman, "but using DORI as a guide for designing a new video surveillance solution, will ensure you do not waste money by over specifying the cameras needed for the job in hand. Equally important, the reverse also applies in that the DORI standard will help you avoid experiencing ‘buyers’ remorse’ as a result of installing cameras which are not fit for purpose."

Finally Guterman stresses, "It is important, however, to bear in mind that DORI is a guide to ensuring you don’t specify an unsuitable camera, but on its own it is not going to choose the perfect camera for you. Other requirements need to be taken into consideration, such as if the camera will need to have built-in IR illumination and/or have good WDR functionality because it will be pointing towards an outside window and will have to deal with variable lighting conditions."


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