SecurityWorldMarket

20/09/2019

Half of cyber incidents down to employee error

London, UK

Employee errors or unintentional actions were behind 52% of incidents affecting operational technology and industrial control system (OT/ICS) networks last year, according to the latest survey commissioned by Kaperky.

Despite automation, the human factor can still put industrial processes at risk: employee errors or unintentional actions were behind 52% of incidents affecting operational technology and industrial control system (OT/ICS) networks last year. According to a new Kaspersky report “State of Industrial Cybersecurity 2019”, this issue is part of a wider, more complicated context. The growing complexity of industrial infrastructures demands more advanced protection and skills. But, organisations are experiencing a shortage of professionals to handle new threats and low awareness among employees.

Digitalisation of industrial networks and adoption of Industry 4.0 standards are in the pipeline for many industrial companies. Four out of five organisations (81%) see operational network digitalisation as an important or very important task for this year. However, for all the benefits that connected infrastructure brings, there are associated cyber security risks.

The good news is that OT/ICS cyber security is becoming a top priority for industrial companies, as confirmed by the majority (87%) of respondents. But to achieve the necessary level of protection, they need to invest in dedicated measures and have highly qualified professionals to make them work effectively. Despite stating it as a priority, only just over half of companies (57%) have the allocated budget for industrial cyber security.

In addition to budget constraints, there is also a question over skilled staff. Organisations are not only experiencing a lack of cyber security experts with the right skills to manage protection for industrial networks, but are worried that their OT/ICS network operators are not fully aware of the behaviour that can cause cyber security breaches. These challenges make up the top two major concerns relating to cyber security management and go some way to explaining why employee errors cause half of all ICS incidents — such as malware infections — and also more serious targeted attacks.

In almost half of companies (45%), the employees responsible for IT infrastructure security also oversee the security of OT/ ICS networks, combining this task with their core responsibilities. Such an approach may carry security risks: although operational and corporate networks are becoming increasingly connected, specialists on each side can have different approaches (37%) and goals (18%) when it comes to cyber security.

“This year's study shows that companies are seeking to improve protection for industrial networks. However, this can only be achieved if they address the risks related to the lack of qualified staff and employee errors. Taking a comprehensive, multi-layered approach - which combines technical protection with regular training of IT security specialists and industrial network operators – will ensure networks remain protected from threats and skills stay up to date”, comments Georgy Shebuldaev, Brand Manager, Kaspersky Industrial Cybersecurity.


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